Does A Home Really Need 200 Amp Electrical Service?

In building a house, it is important to know the nook and cranny of it especially when it comes to electricity. There are house owners who do not care about this factor in their home, and solely rely on the electricians or companies that provide electricity services. Relying on this part of your house to certain people and company can be done, however, when you decide to add appliances to your heating, ventilation, and air condition system, you better need to know the basics.

The electrical load that you need at home

When it comes to electrical service, you have to know the basic or let your reliable electrical company or person explain it to your further. According to experts, different homes have different amp demands. When you know the basic calculation, you will be aware that adding 1 or 2 devices at home can be a huge factor. For a modern house, the 60-amp service is no good. The calculation starts with the area of the house. 

For some people, 100-amp service can be sufficient for a 2000-3000 square feet house but for experts, this can be inadequate. If you have a 1500-2000 square feet home, 200-amp can be good to go. You may have central air-conditioning at this stage.

Understanding the electrical load at home is beneficial to you and to your budget.

Extra electrical load

When you talk to the electrical service company, you might hear the word electrical load. You can stall a new circuit to your home but make sure that it can handle an extra load. This is the reason why you have to know the capacity of electrical load to your home before changing or adding anything as far as electricity is concerned.

Here are the basic things to know about your electrical load

  • Domestic load pertains to the load that is being consumed by the appliances in your home. Electrical appliances include a washing machine, television, air-condition, lighting, and heating system in your house. When you are aware of the capacity of the domestic load, you will know when to add, change or reduce the appliances that you use at home. Overloading the domestic load can be a disaster and lead to electric shock.
  • Commercial load pertains to the usage that is not mainly from the home. These are the loads coming from shops, or any commercial offices just like fans, air condition and other electrical appliances that are used in restaurants or commercial building.

Is There Anything Important To Know Before Buying Light Switches?

The light switches are a part of every household and it would be best to choose the best switch depending on the style, ease of use, function and the proper safety standards are being followed. There is no one size fits all concept in switches so study which is suitable to the building.

Types of Light Switches

The following are the types of switches:

  • Toggle – it is a type of switch that is commonly seen in households, it has a lever that is moved up and down to turn the light on and off.
  • Push-button – a simple air or electric switch mechanism that turns the light on or off. The button is usually made of plastic or metal.
  • Rotary – operates by rotation and often has a clicking sound if it moves from one active position to another.
  • Rocker – it is spring-loaded that is connected to the switch that bears a resemblance to the toggle in terms of light operation. It is a flat surface and does not have a lever.
  • Automatic – this switch has a motion detector and is usually seen used in basements and cellars
  • Touch – to operate this switch, one must simply touch the surface, like a touch screen
  • Key lock – a specific key is entered into the switch lock to operate the light
  • Key card – it is usually seen in hotels, key card operate as a switch to the lights the moment the card is inserted into the slot available. It is a saving energy mechanism that prevents the lights being turned on when the room is unoccupied.
  • Pull – using a string or a chain, this switch usually operates a ceiling light
  • Remote controlled – as the name implies, the lights can be turned on or off using a remote.

Where to Place a Light Switch

The location of light switches when installing varies from each country because of regulation differences. There are countries that require a light switch to be placed with a height from the level of the floor. There is also times when there exists a minimum requirement on the number of switches to be put in terms of circulation spaces like corridors and staircases.

For wet spaces like the bathroom, follow the local regulations like the minimum distance from basins, toilets, and showers from the switch. And for outdoor installations, it is advisable to go for waterproof power outlets and switches.

Types Of HVAC Sensors

Nowadays, the earth suffers from the long-time problem of global warming. Global warming is the effect of trapped carbon dioxide and other types of pollutants that absorbs sunlight and radiation. Many people may not be aware of this, but humans are the major cause of why we experience global warming.

How to combat global warming at home?

Today, there are lots of strategies to help the world cool down a little and most of it starts at home. However, many people struggle at home since the climate changes drastically over the years. This prompt many companies to produce different HVAC sensors for home usage to help every family from the extreme weather condition. These high-end and efficient indoor air conditioning, heating, and ventilation machines are the new best friends of every family at home.

The HVAC stands for heating, ventilation, and air condition. These appliances help combat the excruciating effect of extreme weather conditions in different parts of the world. In Canada, the heating system is popular especially in Quebec since the climate is severely cold all year round. The heating system is beneficial since it provides the right amount of heat inside the home, especially during a snowstorm.

How to save energy

Saving energy means saving money too. There are lots of HVAC sensors nowadays that offer cost-effective appliances. Traditional heating system appliances are costly and most homeowners are using them for a couple of hours only and have to endure the rest of the days without it.

Buying an up-to-date and economical heating system in your house is the best to save energy and money. Why? Today, many companies offer temperature sensors that help maintain the temperature of your home without spending too much energy.

The usage of digital thermostats helps every family to save money, and spend only a few dollars a day. If you are still looking for the best heating system for your home, you might want to check out the following features.

  • Simple and user-friendly. For every consumer, the number one on the list in terms of appliances should be the simple and user-friendly design. Appliances at home should always be direct and simple to avoid confusion.
  • Reliable. Before buying certain appliances, reviewing the product is a must. You can check online regarding the review from various users, and then decide.
  • The temperature sensor is necessary especially when you are buying heating, ventilation, and air condition system for your home.
  • A solid name in the industry should be considered at all costs. Companies with solid foundations are reliable.

Do Thermostats Have Room Temperature Sensors Inside?

The importance of an efficient and economical heating system in your home can’t be understated when you are talking about saving energy and money. How can you identify if the heating system and components in your house are the right fit for your family and your budget?

Hand turning a home thermostat knob to set temperature on energy saving mode. fahrenheit units. Composite image between a photography and a 3D background.

Ways to save up more using a heating system

There are many ways to save up even if you are using a heating system at home. Many people think that because of using a heating system, they can no longer save up and all their budget goes to waste. It is not always the case, there are lots of companies that offer cost-effective appliances that anyone can enjoy without breaking their pockets. Here are some of the ways to save more even if you are using a room temperature sensor.

  • Getting to know your heating system and how to control it. When you buy a heating system at home, it is essential to understand how it works especially the controls. Many consumers are getting ripped off because they do not understand how certain appliances work. This should be corrected at once. Anything that you install in your home, you should know how to control it.
  • Turn down your thermostat or better yet, program it as low as the temperature you are comfortable with. You can do this when you are sleeping or when you are on a vacation.
  • Maintenance cleaning is a must when you have a heating system at home since it will save you from unwanted clogs. In addition to this, by cleaning it, you will be able to remove anything that blocks it. Clean it as needed.
  • Buy an appliance that has active solar energy heating. Solar energy is one of the alternative energy that we can use nowadays. You will be surprised with each penny you can save.

Buying a sensor-activated appliances

Many people especially those traditional ditch the use of sensor-activated appliances. Little do they know that room temperature sensors are quite economical compared to the traditional ones since they can always detect the temperature in the room. Since it is automatic, you do not need to keep on adjusting it. Also, you can manipulate the temperature of your home using insulation. In this way, you can maintain the right temperature of your home without keep on adjusting the thermostat.

What Is A Transducer, and Where Are They Used In A Home?

Circuits and projects are built using electronic and electrical components. These components can be passive or active components like transducers, sensors, receivers, transmitters, and modules like Bluetooth, WiFi, RFID, GSM, GPS, and the like.  There are important processes performed by these circuits and projects; when they go smoothly, the desired result will be achieved. And one of those common processes is called transduction.

Transduction is a process involving the conversion of one form of energy to another. Note that there needs to be an element of sensing to determine the input energy and then using an element of transduction to convert it to another form.

In the day to day life of people especially in a household, transducers are everywhere. The common example is the microphone used in mobile phones, telephones. It can also be found in loudspeakers, thermometers, pressure sensors and antenna.

Definition of Transducers

A transducer is a device that electronically converts a form of energy to another. By energy, it can be electrical, mechanical, chemical, light, acoustic, thermal, electromagnetic energy, and other forms of energy.

In the example of the microphone in phones, the sound energy is converted into electrical signals. It will then be amplified into a certain preferred range. Once done, it shall then be converted to audio signals to be transmitted to the loudspeaker. Another example is the light bulb where electrical energy is changed into light energy.

Conditions of Transducers

The first condition of a transducer is the dynamic range which is the ratio found in the highest to the lowest amplitude to ensure the efficiency of the energy translation. The higher the range dynamically, the more precise and sensitive the conversion will be.

Repeatability as another condition is the capability of generating the same output every time a similar input is being stimulated. As for the noise of transducers, it can be electrical because of the presence of thermal energy within the circuits. Note also that small signals can be easily more corrupted by noise than larger ones.

Another property or condition of transducers is the hysteresis. To determine the output of transducers will not depend solely on the current input for it also considers the past input. Take an actuator as an example. It uses a gear train that poses some reaction that when its movement direction overturns, it will be resulting to a deceased zone just before the actual output overturns by a certain play within the gear’s teeth.

Does Your Home Have A Carbon Monoxide Sensor? Why Not?

Emissions from vehicles generally include carbon monoxide which is a silent but dangerous threat. Statistics say that more than 430 deaths are caused by this odorless, colorless but toxic gas each year. And it’s not just in your car or garage that you can be exposed to carbon monoxide. It can happen in your home, too.

Carbon monoxide alarm mounted on the ceiling

Carbon monoxide gas is a molecule composed of one part oxygen and one part carbon. It results from carbon fuel such as gasoline, wood, coal, natural gas, propane and heating oil, fails to completely burn. If burned in an open area with a lot of ventilation, no threat should be expected. Unlike in confined spaces like kitchens, basements, or garages, carbon monoxide is definitely hazardous.

Carbon monoxide not only binds a person’s red blood cells, it also causes starvation of oxygen that will pass through the lungs.

Symptoms of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

The following are the earliest signs that a person has been poisoned by carbon monoxide:

  • Nausea
  • Mild headaches
  • Lightheadedness
  • Frequent vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath

Most symptoms are similar to those of the flu or cold, resulting to ignoring them easily. Unconsciousness and disorientation is a further symptom of poisoning.

To ensure a safer home, carbon monoxide must be easily detected. For convenience, it is recommended that a household have carbon monoxide sensor. These sensors are the best way to prevent poisoning. It works the same way as smoke or fire alarm by sounding a siren. It can also be connected to a home security system or through your smart phone. These detectors are easy to install, affordable and will likely save lives. It is recommended that each level of a house have a detector, near the bedroom and near the garage.

Tips to Prevent Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Though carbon monoxide poses a serious risk, it is very preventable. Aside from being prepared with a carbon monoxide sensor, the following can also be followed for a safer home environment:

  • Do not use a gas range in heating the house.
  • Avoid running the car in the garage. It is more advisable to pull out the car from the garage first before warming it up.
  • Ensure proper ventilation. When gas-powered equipments like space heaters, generators and pressure washers are run in a closed area, carbon monoxide likely builds up faster. Places like the basement or the garage must then have proper ventilation too.
  • Practice safe cooking in a camp site. Always use a charcoal grill, camping stove or hibachi outdoors.

Why Are Power Supplies So Expensive To Replace?

It is noticeable that the prices and availability of various power supplies are having issues lately. Supplies with high capacities like 850W have becoming scarcer. A reason is partly because of crypto currency mining. Even suppliers that sell only a few quantities of PSUs have had their stocks sold out and their warehouses are left empty. Because the supplies are lowering while the demand is increasing, prices are automatically rising. So right now would not be the ideal time to have power supplies replaced.

List of Reasons of the Price Increase in PSUs

  • Higher demand – as everything else in economics, the higher the demand, the chances of prices increasing. The resurgence of crypto mining is one of the main reasons consumers are demanding more high capacity supplies.
  • Issues with sales chain – before a product goes to the hands of the consumer, it passes by a long chain starting with the factory to the brand’s headquarters, passing it to the local office, then to the distributors, resellers and finally to the consumers. Booking the orders for the supplies is done reversely. The resellers determine the demands of the consumers, and then make a booking to their distributors. The distributors will request an amount to the brand’s local offices then to the headquarters that will make the final order to the factories. This has been an inefficient practice being done. Though there are resellers large enough to go directly to the local offices or even to the headquarters. As these items get passed, so are their prices.
  • Currency exchange rates – parts are usually found in China as also the wages to the factory workers while the market is mostly centered on America. The exchange rate has been dropping since 2017. Because of this, factories are increasing prices to make up for the resulting losses due to the exchange rate.
  • Issues on the availability of electronic parts – the lead time for parts like coils, capacitors, MOSFETs, ICs, transformers has also increased. The price increase is not just because of the increase in demand but also because of the increase in production of products such as electric vehicles. The lead time takes up to 10 weeks at times.
  • Shipping costs – the shift to air cargo to transport the parts have resulted to faster deliveries and stock refills but costs much higher. With the increase in shipping costs, consumers are the ones who will carry that weight.